Carrie Shanafelt

Carrie Shanafelt

Carrie started her Pilates training in Seattle with Dorothee Vandewalle, Lori Coleman-Brown, and Lauren Stephan. She also had the good fortune to study with Romana Kryzanowska. In 1999, she earned her certification with the Pilates Guild, and in 2000 Carrie moved back to her hometown, Boise, Idaho and opened Boise’s first Pilates studio, Forte Pilates. In 2007, she sold the studio and moved to California where she had a thriving home studio, The Pilates House.

In 2011, Carrie moved back to Boise and continued to work from a home studio. In 2015, she became part owner of Grasshopper Pilates. In the same year she was accepted into and completed The Work at Vintage Pilates in Los Angeles. The Work was a highly selective mentorship program studying with 1st generation teacher, Jay Grimes.

In 2019, Carrie became sole owner of Grasshopper Pilates and decided to change the studio name to Forte Pilates coming full circle back to her first studio’s name.

DM Serif Display supports a Latin Extended glyph set, enabling typesetting for English and other Western European languages. It was designed by Colophon Foundry (UK), that started from the Latin portion of Adobe Source Serif Pro, by Frank Grießhammer.

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Until recently, the prevailing view assumed lorem ipsum was born as a nonsense text. “It's not Latin, though it looks like it, and it actually says nothing,” Before & After magazine answered a curious reader, “Its ‘words’ loosely approximate the frequency with which letters occur in English, which is why at a glance it looks pretty real.”

As Cicero would put it, “Um, not so fast.”

The placeholder text, beginning with the line “Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit”, looks like Latin because in its youth, centuries ago, it was Latin.

Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar from Hampden-Sydney College, is credited with discovering the source behind the ubiquitous filler text. In seeing a sample of lorem ipsum, his interest was piqued by consectetur—a genuine, albeit rare, Latin word. Consulting a Latin dictionary led McClintock to a passage from De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum (“On the Extremes of Good and Evil”), a first-century B.C. text from the Roman philosopher Cicero.

In particular, the garbled words of lorem ipsum bear an unmistakable resemblance to sections 1.10.32–33 of Cicero's work, with the most notable passage excerpted below:

“Neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt.”

A 1914 English translation by Harris Rackham reads:

McClintock's eye for detail certainly helped narrow the whereabouts of lorem ipsum's origin, however, the “how and when” still remain something of a mystery, with competing theories and timelines.

Here’s a great title

So how did the classical Latin become so incoherent? According to McClintock, a 15th century typesetter likely scrambled part of Cicero's De Finibus in order to provide placeholder text to mockup various fonts for a type specimen book.

  • It's difficult to find examples of lorem ipsum in use before Letraset made it popular as a dummy text in the 1960s,
  • So far he hasn't relocated where he once saw the passage
  • Cicero in the 15th century supports the theory that the filler text has been used for centuries.
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